Rents for quality residential accommodation is on the rise in India. Therefore, many people choose to buy property rather than renting one. Usually, the rent that one pays is roughly equal to an EMI that one would pay (in some places though rent may be lower…), if he chose to buy a property after taking a loan. But the latter would lead to building of an asset in the long term.
So if you have decided to buy a property rather than renting one, then if you have enough disposable income, you are faced with two choices, to buy it with your own savings or to take a loan from a bank. But whatever you choose, it is extremely important to get a home insurance to protect your assets should you be faced with any unforeseen calamity.
Different types of calamities are covered under home insurance like earthquakes, floods, fire, explosion, cyclones, lightening etc. Also covered under insurance are things like theft and burglary. These types of insurance not only cover the structure of the house but also its contents which are equally valuable. Different home insurers will assess the value of the damage done differently.
But usually, Home Insurance assessment is based upon multiplying the area of the structure by the cost of construction. The value of the contents is ascertained by its current market price Depending on the type of home insurance policy you take, you get coverage for different kind of hazards.
There are mainly two types of insurance in India:
Ø Building insurance:
This is very important. Most housing loan companies have made it compulsory for any project to have building insurance before they sanction loan. Building insurance covers only the structure of the property. It insures the amount that you would need to reconstruct the house, in case damage is done to your property.
Ø Content insurance:
As the name suggests content insurance only covers the things inside the house. This has become necessary due to the increasing rate of crime around us. The amount of money is assessed as per either how much it will cost to replace it or according to its current market value. It protects your valuables against fire, theft, accidental breakage, damaged caused to electric appliances due to electrical and mechanical breakdown.
Therefore, since a person invests his life savings in buying a house it is important to get it insure for the following reasons:
- To protect your interest as an Individual / family
- To protect yourself/in case you have taken housing loan
- To protect yourself from third party liability
But before you decide on buying home insurance it is important to shop around. Different companies in the market offer policies with different features and accordingly the annual payment for them is different. It is thus important to understand the features of the policy before you decide on one. If you compare two types of insurance providers in India, TATA AIG and Bajaj Alliance, and assuming the cost of your apartment is Rs 90 lacs then let’s compare the premium payable:
|Name of the company||Annual premium payable|
|TATA AIG||Rs 5040|
|Bajaj Alliance||Rs 5130|
Then there are other insurance providers like ICICI Lombard. Since the policy offered by them is more comprehensive, so the premium to be paid is Rs 12600. On the other hand if your house is built on land and it costs Rs 4 crores, then the premium would be calculated depending on the area covered multiplied by its cost of construction. Value of land will not be included. Assuming that your house is 5000 sq.ft. and construction cost per sq. ft is Rs.2000. Then the value of your apartment for insurance purpose will be Rs.1 crore and not Rs. 4 crores. Premium for Rs. 1 crore will be Rs.5000 for 1 year. if you decide to get the contents of the house insured, then that will have to be added separately to ascertain the premium payable.
The market for home insurance is on the rise as buyers are not only realizing the worth of getting insurance for their building but also its contents.
[This article is written by Mayank Gupta, MBA Finance who blogs at NineMillionDollars.com where you can get your personal financial planning queries are resolved]