Paytm Blames Airtel, Jio, Vodafone For Not Stopping Frauds, Files FIR Against 3500 Fraud Numbers
On Thursday, a top Paytm Payments Bank (PPB) executive said Telecom companies in India need to implement stringent preventive and punitive measures to counter the menace of online frauds executed through spam SMS or calls.
How Did This Happen?
The Senior Vice President — Risk Management at Paytm Payments Bank, Jatinder Thakar said “Telecom players should act fast to counter the menace of online frauds, where consumers are duped via fake SMSes and calls done on their networks,”.
Paytm further said that they are working closely with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), banks and telcos to ensure that customers do not get duped by fraudsters.
Considering the ways in which fraudsters have deceived customers, a telco that does not take action on fraudulent use of telecom resources is the weakest link and origination point of cyber fraud, they further company said.
Thakar added “Fraudsters are continuing to use the telco platforms to spam millions of telecom users with phishing and other such fraudulent SMSes and calls. Even if 0.01 percent of this base gets defrauded, it is a huge number, and a loss of hard-earned money for these victims, to the tune of lakhs of rupees,”.
How Telecom Platforms Are Being Used For Fraudulent Activities?
Basically fraudsters take advantage of multiple lapses in the processes today, such as the very limited “Know Your Business” process followed by telcos before issuing bulk SMS facility to an organization/institution/individual. This makes it very easy for fraudsters to register and start sending millions of SMSes in bulk.
Apart from that, the limited KYC requirements are paper-based KYC despite having the option of digital KYC or video KYC.
Not only that, the fraudsters can still target most of the customers who have their number in Do Not Disturb (DND) registry of TRAI.
Or fraudsters can very easily send spoof SMSes from headers like “PYTM” or “PAY TM”, with no challenges according to PPB.
On top of that, cybercriminals can also impersonate banks by putting in content like “Your Paytm account will be blocked”, and there is no check on SMS content.
According to the company, the lack of an intelligent system for blocking the issuance of SIM cards to identified fraudsters is another issue.
If somehow, the mobile number of the fraudster is identified, caught and blocked, the fraudster can simply issue a new SIM and start all over again.
How Can This Be Avoided?
According to Thakar “As a first step, the initial due diligence needs to be made more stringent so that telecom resources (bulk SMS and calling facility) are not provided by telcos to fraudsters, and are for a legitimate use,”.
“Further, if a customer or a bank files a complaint against fraudulent messages/calls, the telecom service provider should be able to block such fraudsters immediately, and provide their due diligence details to law enforcement agencies immediately for strict action,” he said.
While talking about the subject, PPB said it has been taking major countermeasures to safeguard user accounts including the use of the latest cybersecurity tools with important updates.
They also talked about the new feature analyses ‘rogue’ apps such as Teamviewer, Anydesk and Quicksupport on user devices which might trigger fraudulent transactions and advises users to uninstall them.
Not only that, the bank is also leveraging Artificial Intelligence (AI) to instantly detect suspicious transactions.
The AI either slows it down or completely blocks the payment from getting completed, depending on the identified threat level of a transaction.
It has been specifically designed keeping in mind the patterns of the various scams being run by fraudsters and is, therefore, able to combat most attacks on user accounts in real-time, PPB said, adding that the feedback on the new security features has been overwhelmingly positive.
Thakar said “Our purpose is to build a trusted digital payments ecosystem and prevent customers from getting duped by such frauds. When an individual customer loses money through these frauds, it adversely impacts the growth and trust in digital payments. Telcos are the most important stakeholder, as their channel is used to proliferate these frauds, need to expedite their actions to stop such fraudulent activities,”.