Today’s report is a much comprehensive look at doing business in India and talks about business regulations and their enforcement across India. It also gives an overview of how India compares to other countries in “doing business” parameters.
The report also analyzes economic outcomes and identify what re-
forms have worked, where, and why.
Doing Business in India – 2009
Where is it easiest to do Business in India?
Now, there is difference between “doing business” and “starting business”, where the latter is just a subset of the former. The above ranking includes all the factors from starting a company to probably closing it down.
If you see the ranking, Ludhiana takes the cake when it comes to ease of doing business, followed by Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, Gurgaon and Ahmedabad.
One would imagine that places like Mumbai and Bangalore would rank highly here, but they are placed at lowly 10th and 13th respectively.
In which cities are the most reforms happening ?
Although, India is ranked quite lowly compared to other countries, there are quite a few local level reforms happening to ensure that the process of doing business gets easier.
Incidentally, Trade is the area where India has reformed the most. India was the top reformer on the trading across borders indicator in World Bank report Doing Business 2008 and continued reforming in Doing Business 2009.
Gujarat (a.k.a – Narendra Modi) has come to limelight in last few years for making the state more business friendly and the chart above is the testament to that fact.
Ahmedabad Ranked at the top with heavy reforms in all categories of starting a Business, registering a property and dealing with Construction permits. Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai & Gurgaon wrap up the top 5 spots.
How does India Fare when compared to Best practices followed globally?
India is has roughly 11 procedures, with most states having 12-13 processes if you want to start a company in India. This puts India at a very poor 137 rank when compared to other countries. Some European countries have just a couple of process if they need to start a business.
The area of “starting a business”seriously needs to see some reforms , if India has to promote Entrepreneurship and Innovation in India.
Even when it comes to number of days required, India is ranked outside of top 100 countries – In India it takes more than a month if you want to start a business (that too if everything goes well, which is rarely the case).
I think the only area in which India has able to create some reforms is the amount of time it requires to deal with construction permits where it has a ranking of 19.
In which Indian city is it easiest and fastest to start a Business?
The Indian capital – New Delhi – ranks the top where it is easiest to start your own business, where Bangalore fares the worst among the top cities in India.
..and when it comes to fastest in starting a Business it is the Financial capital of India, Mumbai along with another Industrial hub, Noida.
Comparative chart of time & cost to start a business in Indian cities along with other select economies
Take that – In New Zealand it takes just a single day to start a Business and just 0.4% of per capita income compared to 30 days and whooping 70% of per capita Income !
What would you say to that – Luckily we take slightly lesser time to start a business as compared to South East region !
The Following report by World Bank talks in complete details on below given parameters of doing business in India.
- Starting a business
- Dealing with construction permits
- Registering property
- Paying taxes
- Trading across borders
- Enforcing contracts
- Closing a business
- Indian City wise Rankings
Comprehensive Report on Doing Business in India 2009
, by World Bank.
[Note: Please click on upper right corner to see the pdf in full screen]